Building a Happy Home for Your Hens: A Guide to Constructing the Perfect Chicken Coop and Run

Building a Happy Home for Your Hens: A Guide to Constructing the Perfect Chicken Coop and Run

Greetings, my feathered friends!

I'm here to help you understand what you need to consider when building a chicken coop and run, from the chicken's point of view. I know, I know. It sounds like a tall order. After all, we chickens aren't exactly known for our intelligence. But hey, we've been around for over 6,000 years, so we must be doing something right!

First things first: let's talk about the coop.

This is where you'll sleep, lay eggs, and hang out when you're not busy scratching in the yard. It's the heart of your home, so you want to make sure it's just right.

Size Matters

When it comes to coops, size matters. You need enough room to spread your wings, but not so much that you get cold at night. A general rule of thumb is to provide 4 square feet of space per bird. So, if you have four chickens, you should aim for a coop that's at least 16 square feet.

That said, the more space, the better!


Chickens are tough creatures, but they're not indestructible. Poor ventilation can lead to respiratory problems, so make sure there are plenty of windows, vents, or fans to keep the air moving. This will also help reduce moisture and prevent mold, which can be a real downer.

Nesting Boxes

We chickens love our nests. It's where we lay our eggs and feel safe and secure. We chickens like to all but lay eggs on top of each other so having one box per bird is ridiculous. I recommend going about 4-5 birds per box. Trust me, we pretty much all lay in the same one anyway. 

Roosting Bars

Roosting bars are a must-have for any coop. This is where you'll sleep, so make sure they're sturdy and high enough so that you're not sleeping on the ground.

Chickens like to sleep up high, and it's a good way for us to feel safe in case some predator does happen to get inside the coop.


We chickens love the sun, and we need plenty of natural light to lay eggs. So, make sure your coop is well-lit, either by installing windows or using artificial lighting. Just be careful not to go overboard – too much light can keep you up at night and disrupt your sleep.

Now that we've covered the basics of building a chicken coop, let's talk about the run. This is where you'll spend most of your day, so it's important to get it right.

Size Matters (Again!)

Just like with the coop, size matters when it comes to the run. You need enough space to run around, play, and scratch. A general rule of thumb is to provide 10 square feet of space per bird. So, if you have four chickens, you should aim for a run that's at least 40 square feet.

The more space, the better!


The run needs to be secure, so make sure you have good quality fencing that's tall enough to keep predators out. We chickens are pretty good at flying short distances, so a fence that's at least four feet tall is a good idea.


We chickens love to bask in the sun, but we also need somewhere to cool down. Make sure there are plenty of shady areas in your run where you can get out of the sun.

Plants and Grass

Chickens love to scratch, so make sure there's plenty of plants and grass in your run for you to peck at. This will keep you entertained and provide a source of fresh greens for you to munch on. Just be careful to choose plants that are safe for chickens to eat – some common garden plants can be toxic to us birds.

Water and Food

Water and food are essential, so make sure they're easily accessible in the run. Try to place them in a shaded area so that the water doesn't get too hot in the sun.

Also, make sure the food is stored in a secure container to prevent it from getting wet or being contaminated.

Ground Cover

The ground in the run can get pretty dirty, so it's important to have a good ground cover. This can be as simple as putting down a layer of sand or gravel, or as fancy as installing a grassy lawn. Just be sure to choose a cover that's easy to clean and won't attract vermin.

Finally, have fun!

Building a chicken coop and run can be a lot of work, but it's also a lot of fun. And, when you're all done, you'll have a beautiful home for your feathered friends to enjoy. So, go ahead, break out the hammers and nails, and get to building!